Cognitive Electronic Warfare: A Move Towards EMS Maneuver Warfare

In multi-domain operations (MDO), control of the electromagnetic spectrum is of paramount importance. By leveraging machine learning technologies coupled to advanced Electronic Warfare techniques, a key first step will be taken in enabling maneuver warfare within the spectrum.

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Communications in Multi-Domain Operations: What Does the BACN Bring?

Communications are an important element of any military operation. A lack of infrastructure and rough terrain have hindered U.S. military operations in Afghanistan (2001-Present) and Iraq (2003-Present). The difficulties encountered in both countries initially led to several different ad hoc solutions for overcoming poor communications. Eventually a long-term solution emerged, known as BACN (Battlefield Airborne Communications Node) with two dedicated platforms, an E-11A and EQ-4B. This article provides new insights on the BACN program and its history, and considers the importance of E-11s providing BACN for future multi-domain warfighting environments. Finally, it encourages new ways of thinking on how to operate in a contested environment, proposing a “BACN-mesh” concept as a way of overcoming such a vulnerability with an adversary jamming the electromagnetic spectrum.

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War is a Learning Competition: How a Culture of Debrief Can Improve Multi-Domain Operations

The Multi-Domain Operations (MDO) community continues to evolve and progress. MDO is, and will be the fundamental enabler for Joint All-Domain Command and Control (JADC2) and the way our nation fights future wars. As the maturing community integrates new concepts and processes, Multi-Domain Operators must identify and engrain the valuable lessons along the way. Creating a set of standards to capture feedback and drive improvement is vital for development in any organization. The debrief culture of the US Air Force fighter community, among others, is well known for its direct, highly effective feedback and learning methods. This type of focused feedback is important to the fighter community because the debrief is where the majority of learning takes place. The MDO community would benefit greatly by utilizing this debrief culture as a model from which to develop its own unique culture of consistent, iterative improvement. Because a standard day, or sortie-equivalent, is not yet fully fleshed out for Multi-Domain Operators, the purpose of this paper is to convey the necessity for debriefing lessons learned, and provide best practices in their current form. The ultimate objective is to create a foundation for the MDO community to adapt these practices as the details and nuance of its daily execution become more specific and clear.

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Human-led Machine Learning & Advanced Threats: Case Method Inquiry and Visual Analytics Applied to COVID-19

In a pervasive and complex information environment, analytics are vital to understanding advanced threats. As we rely more on machine-learnt results, asking the right questions and visualizing deep analysis are key to grasping and solving problems. These skills are also vital 21st century leadership tools that can forge a common focus among otherwise stove-piped specialists.

The COVID-19 pandemic presents an urgent threat that requires both scientific understanding and decisive leadership. The cause of the disease is SARS CoV-2, a mutating virus that thrives in conditions difficult to control at scale. To counter this threat, this article demonstrates in detail the potential of human-led case method and machine-provided visual analytics.

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Joint All Domain Effects Convergence: Evolving C2 Teams

 By: Ernest Nisperos Approximate Reading Time: 25 Minutes Abstract This paper aims to generate a tangible construct to complement the

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Artificial Intelligence in the Operational Information Environment: The Need for Proactive Doctrine

Joint operations doctrine omits the agency of artificial intelligence (AI) in the operational information environment, which is a problem. This commentary discusses why, and recommends effective changes. Key points are as follows. AI is becoming an autonomous cause of unanticipated effects. Humans are not the most effectively intelligent actors in all environments, yet our doctrine draws lessons from the past rather than anticipating emergent futures. Machines currently excel in experience-based learning and can discover relationships in data that we cannot discern. Humans can intuit, deceive, somewhat control, and manufacture and destroy machines. In time, AI will be able to perform those cognitive, informational and physical functions as well. As out-thought becomes out-fought, we need proactive doctrine now.

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User-Centered Design is Critical to the Success of Multi-Domain Operations

By: Dr. Kristen K. Liggett and Dr. Gina F. Thomas Estimated Read Time: 11 minutes Multi-Domain Operations (MDO) is the

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Preparing for the Unpredictable: Accident Management in Great Power Competition

This article identifies the potential of international accidents across domains and identifies factors decision makers must consider before/after an accident.

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A Bomber for the Navy

Rather that sending the B-1 Lancer into early retirement, the Department of Defense could transfer it to the Navy for duty as a land-based ship-killer.

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Outlining the Multi-Domain Operational Concept Part III: Moving Toward Practical Application

Multi-domain theory contains the potential for problem-based—rather than Service-based—solutions, leading to increased options for warfighters and decision-makers while presenting adversaries with increasing dilemmas.
By Jon Bott

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Outlining the Multi-Domain Operational Concept Part II: Evolution of an Idea

It is important to recognize multi-domain operations as an important new operational concept that is more mindset than prescribed method, one that evolves previous thought, and one that itself deserves continued development.
By Jonathan Bott

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Outlining the Multi-Domain Operating Concept

Estimated Reading Time: 7 minutes Editor’s Note: This week we will be republishing a 3-part series focused on the idea

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Intelligence for Quantum Age Learning: Data Visualization & Inquiry of the Information Environment

Data visualization solutions for maintaining a learning advantage in a quantum age of technological & information expansion.

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Countering the NATO Threat: A Look at Russia’s Military Advancements and Challenges to Future Defense (Part 2)

Alarmed by Russia’s invasion into a sovereign nation in 2008 and again in 2014—coupled with a land-grab of the Crimean peninsula, NATO has moved to a heightened alert posture. Part 1 details the Russian build up to 2018 and Part 2 discusses NATO’s response.

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Countering the NATO Threat: A Look at Russia’s Military Advancements and Challenges to Future Defense (Part 1)

Alarmed by Russia’s invasion into a sovereign nation in 2008 and again in 2014—coupled with a land-grab of the Crimean peninsula, NATO has moved to a heightened alert posture. Part 1 details the Russian build up to 2018 and Part 2 discusses NATO’s response

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IO EFFECTIVENESS

In the latest installment of our Human Domain series, Louis L. Cook examines Information Operations effectiveness in multi-domain operations through a focused look at the offensive and defensive uses of Operations Security (OPSEC).

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Modernizing ISR C2 Part I: Multi-Domain Maneuver as the Foundation

This is the first article in a multi-part series focused on modernizing Command and Control (C2) of Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR).

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Russian Military Reorganization: A Step Toward Multi-Domain Operations

Russia’s military reorganization and its operations in Ukraine indicate it is intentionally developing a multi-domain force.

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Over the Horizon: The Multi-Domain Operational Strategist (MDOS)

Dr. Jeff Reilly discusses the need for the Multi Doman Operational Strategist

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Overview of Comments from the 2018 AFA Conference

This is an overview of the conversation on what multi domain operations and multi domain C2 continues to define what those terms mean as Airman.

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Maneuver Warfare from the Air Domain (Part II)

Excerpt: Maneuver from the air domain enabled the ground campaign’s rapid advance during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Approximate reading time: 20

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Maneuver Warfare from the Air Domain (Part I)

The Air Domain’s utility in maneuver warfare is underappreciated but has great potential if planned and executed correctly.

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Fighting the Wrong Fight

The US has a problem on her hands, and the emerging answers fail to address the real problem. While military

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OTH Video: Interview with Lieutenant General Jay Silveria

The multi domain aspect will never be what we want it to be without the synchronization required to integrate all

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Future Shocks: The Coming Oil and Water Wars

Adaptive political institutions are critical for success in the future environment. The intersections of poor governance and environmental shocks are the hot spots of the future.

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OTH Video: Beyond the Theory – A Framework for Multi-Domain Operations

In the future operating environment, to successfully deter and defeat our adversaries, we must better understand how the domains interact and their basic principles.

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Multi-Domain Operations at the Strategic Level

The recent NSS and NDS elevate multi-domain ops to the forefront of US national strategy. The upcoming NMS must capitalize on this framework.

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***OTH Anniversary*** Multi-Domain Thinking and the Human Domain

Today’s editor’s pick was chosen by Julie Janson. In it, Tom Flounders makes a compelling argument that the Human Domain is the decisive domain.

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***OTH Anniversary*** Over the Horizon: The Multi-Domain Operational Strategist (MDOS)

As part of the OTH anniversary series, this article, by Dr. Jeffrey Reilly, forms a foundation for discussing multi-domain operations.

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Mission Command in Multi-Domain Operations

This article on Mission Command looks at how contested domains will force subordinate leaders to make timely decisions that either seize or forfeit the initiative.

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The Indirect Approach and Human Influence

This is the first installment of our new Human Domain series. In it, Robert M. Schoenhaus discusses the importance of considering human influence when taking an indirect approach to operational planning and introduces the term “social intelligence.”

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Drop Zone: Human Domain Series

This year, Over the Horizon will present a series of articles related to the Human Domain to promote conversation about this critical, but often ignored, domain.

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