Maneuver at Lightspeed: Electromagnetic Spectrum as a Domain

Maneuver at Lightspeed: Electromagnetic Spectrum as a Domain

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Leading the Waveform: Evolving Spectrum Leadership for Future Wars

Electromagnetic spectrum operations (EMSO) incorporate a vast array of capabilities from space control to cyberspace operations, as well as the atmospheric effects traditionally known as electronic warfare (EW). These capabilities require the development of experts and leaders that integrate each niche mission set into robust EMSO that support multi-domain operations. Brig Gen Gaedecke stated that “the Air Force should deliberately refocus efforts on electronic warfare and the EMS as a whole.” This renewed focus must begin with the development of EMS leadership from tactical to senior levels to effectively advocate for solutions. Recognizing the EMS as a domain enables the joint force by highlighting its need for expertise, which then supports the critical problem solving and tactics development required to compete in future conflicts.

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Electromagnetic Pulse Threats to America’s Electric Grid: Counterpoints to Electric Power Research Institute Positions         

Editor’s note: This article is part of a supporting engagement with the Electromagnetic Defense Task Force’s efforts in order to

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OODA Point: The Requirement for an Airman’s Approach to Operational Design (Part II)

The ability to make and execute timely and effective decisions has been the foundation of military success for millennia. In the next decade, however, Combined Force Air Component Commanders (CFACC) planning, decision, and execution (PDE) cycles will be confronted by unprecedented challenges emerging in the constantly evolving digital ecosystem. The era of unrivaled access to the electromagnetic spectrum and dominance in multiple domains is rapidly coming to a close for the US airpower. As more and more state and non-state actors gain access to advanced technology, the CFACC’s PDE cycles will transition from an observe, orient, decide, act (OODA) loop to an OODA point. This phenomenon will also have a significant influence on the command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C4ISR) measures necessary to shape and execute preplanned and emergent decisions in contested operational environments. One way of mitigating these nascent vulnerabilities is to develop a deliberate framework of operational design focused on airpower to provide a proactive form of vision for future CFACCs.

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Combat Cloud: A High Tech Solution to a Low Tech Problem

Building a common operating picture from data stored in a cloud environment and creating the illusion of the availability of perfect information creates three large risks: joint forces become more vulnerable to Electromagnetic Spectrum (EMS) attacks and reflexive control strategies; command, control, and execution become increasingly centralized; and an information-denied environment causes decision paralysis.
By Katrina Schweiker

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More Than Kinetic Effects: Globally Integrated Operations in the Information Environment

  By Thomas A. Drohan Approximate Reading Time: 5 Minutes A recent YouTube video features Chief of Staff of the

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OODA Point: The Requirement for an Airman’s Approach to Operational Design (Part I)

By: Dr. Jeffrey Reilly Approximate Reading Time: 15 Minutes Abstract: The ability to make and execute timely and effective decisions

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Chicken Little’s Quantum Sky

The term “quantum” has been thrown around in the past few years to mean anything from extremely fast internet to the next wave in computing. The truth is “quantum” can be applied to a variety of technologies; but is all based off the theories of quantum mechanics, or how sub-atomic particles interact and behave. Like Schrödinger’s Cat, this abstract is quantum-based, it both exists and doesn’t exist, until you read it just now.

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Multi-Domain Operations: Everyone’s Doing It, Just Not Together

The military services are continuing to forge the way in MDO, but what progress has been made and will they be able to achieve joint efficiency?

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An Approachable Look at the Human Domain and Why We Should Care

Within the context of multi-domain operations, the human domain is arguably the most important domain, but it is often the most overlooked. This article proposes implementation of the domain through the use of planning for desired behaviors prior to conflict. It also discusses how Russia views information warfare, their practices, and a case study of its importance in the Crimean Annexation.

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Where does Special Operations fit in the Multi-Domain Operations Discussion?

Understanding Special Operations role in MDO; SOCOM offers an integration model to be replicated, and SOF’s role in a near-peer MDO conflict.

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Preparing for the Unpredictable: Accident Management in Great Power Competition

This article identifies the potential of international accidents across domains and identifies factors decision makers must consider before/after an accident.

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Innovation Madness: Accepting Risk Today to Avoid Defeat Tomorrow

The United States Air Force (USAF) recognizes a need for future innovations as near-peer competitors make rapid advancements in military capabilities. However, the current USAF system does not facilitate keeping up with these competitors. Innovation requires a cultural shift regarding risk acceptability at all levels, starting with leaders. The USAF can facilitate this shift by further addressing regulatory guidance and Professional Military Education programs. Until the USAF as an organization is willing to accept risks and ultimately failures to achieve success, mission impacting innovations will continue to be elusive.

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Outlining the Multi-Domain Operational Concept Part III: Moving Toward Practical Application

Multi-domain theory contains the potential for problem-based—rather than Service-based—solutions, leading to increased options for warfighters and decision-makers while presenting adversaries with increasing dilemmas.
By Jon Bott

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Outlining the Multi-Domain Operational Concept Part II: Evolution of an Idea

It is important to recognize multi-domain operations as an important new operational concept that is more mindset than prescribed method, one that evolves previous thought, and one that itself deserves continued development.
By Jonathan Bott

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Outlining the Multi-Domain Operating Concept

Estimated Reading Time: 7 minutes Editor’s Note: This week we will be republishing a 3-part series focused on the idea

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***OTH Anniversary*** Looking Beyond Your Service for Multi-Domain Success

Editor’s Note: This is one of our favorite articles we wanted to re-post to keep the conversation moving. We will

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Command & Control of ISR in a Contested, Degraded, and Operationally Limited Environment: Ensuring Support to Unit Level Intelligence (Part 1)

The modern operational environment will force a change in operations at all levels, to include C4ISR. You can’t command without control. You can’t control without communications.

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Future Wars: A Look at the Air Force’s Ability in a 21st Century Fight

The Air Force is not ready to deter or prevail against a near-peer adversary, to remain competitive in the 21st century fight the service must have a paradigm shift to give maneuverability back to the warfighter.

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Modernizing ISR C2 Part I: Multi-Domain Maneuver as the Foundation

This is the first article in a multi-part series focused on modernizing Command and Control (C2) of Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR).

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Russian Military Reorganization: A Step Toward Multi-Domain Operations

Russia’s military reorganization and its operations in Ukraine indicate it is intentionally developing a multi-domain force.

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Over the Horizon: The Multi-Domain Operational Strategist (MDOS)

Dr. Jeff Reilly discusses the need for the Multi Doman Operational Strategist

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Overview of Comments from the 2018 AFA Conference

This is an overview of the conversation on what multi domain operations and multi domain C2 continues to define what those terms mean as Airman.

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Command & Control of Tomorrow’s War: Why Decisive Mission Commanders are Key to Multi-Domain Operations

As tactical-level warfare evolves, the emerging security environment will likely drive a level of chaos and friction that has not happened in recent conflicts. To effectively execute MDO in a contested environment, preparing Mission Commanders to act decisively will be essential.

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The Undersea is a Discrete Operational Domain

The maritime domain as defined by joint doctrine is overly broad in concept and does not accurately capture the opportunities and vulnerabilities presented in the undersea.

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Defining the “Domain” in Multi-Domain

A domain is a “Critical macro maneuver space whose access or control is vital to the freedom of action and superiority required by the mission.”

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Multidomain Observing and Orienting: ISR to Meet the Emerging Battlespace

Multidomain Observing and Orienting: ISR to Meet the Emerging Battlespace

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Fighting the Wrong Fight

The US has a problem on her hands, and the emerging answers fail to address the real problem. While military

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NATO Planning and Multi Domain Operations: A German Perspective

A German officer compares the NATO planning process with the ACSC Multi-domain approach.

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It’s time to take the human domain seriously. USCYBERCOM is our chance.

USCYBERCOM presents an opportunity to effectively implement human domain forces in a high-threat, resource constrained environment. Estimated Reading Time: 5

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Quanta of Competition: Quantum Mechanics, Multi-Domain Battle, and the Gray Zone (Part I)

Thinking about conflict in terms of quantum mechanics rather than Newtonian physics will produce more comprehensive grand strategy.

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Leaving “America’s Pastime” of Joint Operations for Multidomain: A Sports Analogy

The evolution from joint to multidomain requires a shift toward a more team oriented culture among peer officers.

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OTH Video: Beyond the Theory – A Framework for Multi-Domain Operations

In the future operating environment, to successfully deter and defeat our adversaries, we must better understand how the domains interact and their basic principles.

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Information Operations in a Multi-Domain Operations Battlespace

Emphasizing information operations in multi-domain operations elevates multi-domain ops and integrated warfare

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Multi-Domain Operations at the Strategic Level

The recent NSS and NDS elevate multi-domain ops to the forefront of US national strategy. The upcoming NMS must capitalize on this framework.

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Swarming Intelligence: Concept to Reality

Two decades of swarming optimization research lay the groundwork for the development of physical swarming techniques.

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***OTH Anniversary*** Multi-Domain Thinking and the Human Domain

Today’s editor’s pick was chosen by Julie Janson. In it, Tom Flounders makes a compelling argument that the Human Domain is the decisive domain.

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***OTH Anniversary*** Over the Horizon: The Multi-Domain Operational Strategist (MDOS)

As part of the OTH anniversary series, this article, by Dr. Jeffrey Reilly, forms a foundation for discussing multi-domain operations.

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***OTH Anniversary***Multi-Domain Strategic Thinking: What Problem Are We Trying to Solve?

Editor’s Note: As part of our anniversary celebration series, below we present the top read article of 2017.  For those

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Mission Command in Multi-Domain Operations

This article on Mission Command looks at how contested domains will force subordinate leaders to make timely decisions that either seize or forfeit the initiative.

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Bridge Builders to Make Multi-Domain Operations Work

To achieve dominance in the networked age, the U.S. Air Force must build organizational expertise that can foster a culture that lives and breathes multi-domain integration.

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The Case for Dispersed Basing

There are compelling reasons for implementing dispersed basing, including survivability and the capacity to execute multi-domain operations. There are also significant challenges to overcome, including building partnerships; sustainment; restructuring personnel and training requirements; ensuring command, control, communications, and computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C4ISR) connectivity; and base defense.
By Aaron Sick

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Multi-Domain Thinking and the Human Domain

Multi-Domain thinking requires an understanding of the nature of domains and how they interact with each other, while ultimately focusing on affecting participants in order to achieve a lasting outcome understood in the human domain.
By Tom Flounders

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Putting the Advantage of Mass Back into Airpower: RPA Utility Beyond the COIN Fight

The USAF and broader DOD must seriously examine the potential role for RPAs beyond the permissive battle-spaces they currently excel in. They have far more to offer than surveillance and precision strikes against undefended, soft targets.
By Mark Nexon

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DROP ZONE: Joint Command and Control

Our Services need to mature and lead the drive to Jointness, both across the DOD and the complex American alliance system

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Multi-Domain Strategic Thinking: What Problem Are We Trying to Solve?

Multi-domain strategy therefore requires patterns of thought characterized by focus on affecting human cognition, distilling clarity from complex environments, and planning and executing operations within the uncertainty of future conflict.
By Wilford Garvin

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Multi-Domain Operations and Strategy in the American Revolution

George Washington’s objective was achieving victory in the human domain, and it proved to be the decisive factor for strategic victory.
By Tom Flounders

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The Problem with “Airpower”

The United States Air Force’s definition of airpower is merely a description of all Air Force activities and is incorrect.
By Tom Flounders

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Winning Tomorrow’s War Today: A Cyber Revolution in Personnel Management

Cyberspace is the key terrain of the present RMA because it connects the domains together, creating an integrated layer of joint-force effectiveness
By Brian Viola, Erica L. Fountain, and Michael C. Williams

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